|ASF Reports For 2018 - Credit OIE Maps|
Bulgaria, which reported its first detection of African Swine Fever in late August of this year (see DEFRA Raises Risk Of Importing ASF To UK To `Medium'), reports their second detection - this time in a wild boar in Silistra - roughly 4 km from the Romanian border.
While the recent introduction and spread of ASF in China has captured the world's attention, the inroads this virus has made in Europe this year (see map above) are equally concerning.Romania has been particularly hard hit this year, and the recent (and ongoing) detection of ASF in Belgium's wild boar population represents a rapid, unexpected westward expansion across Europe.
We've a link to the OIE Notification and two (translated) reports from Bulgaria's Food Safety Agency.
The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BCSA) found the first case of African plague in wild boar near Kainardja, Silistra. The dead wild pig is found right next to the wire fence itself, on the border with Romania, where it has become entangled in attempting to pass through the territory of Bulgaria. The facility has fulfilled its protective functions. The test of the samples taken confirmed the presence of the African swine fever virus ( ASF ) .
For the control and eradication of the disease, NVS started implementing all measures in accordance with current legislation. Destruction and burial of the wild boar found. Disinfection was carried out at the burial site.
Continuous clinical examinations for ASF in domestic swine will be carried out and samples of all dead or clinical signs of wild and domestic swine will be taken as an implementation of the programs for the prevention and surveillance of ASF in Bulgaria. Measures in domestic swine are targeted at strict biosecurity measures to interrupt the possibility of transferring the infection between wild and domestic animals pigs in the country. They are based on the European Union ( EU ) Strategy for African swine fever (SANTE 7113/2015) and are targeted especially to the wild population.
The ASF control strategy is based on early detection of the disease and the implementation of rigorous control and biosecurity measures in sites. At present, ASF is found in nine Member States: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Romania, Hungary, Latvia, Romania.
Tomorrow, October 24, at 13:00, a meeting of the Regional Epizootic Commission in Silistra will be held, which will discuss the measures as well as the actions of the different services in the area.
The place of detection of the dead wild boar is near the outbreaks of ASF in Romania. A further extension of the epizootiological study, as well as a site visit by experts from the NVS Central Administration, is forthcoming.
The District Epizootic Commission in Silistra will meet today on the occasion of the confirmed case of African plague in wild boar near the village of Kaynardja
Today, October 24, at 13:00 in the Regional Administration of Silistra, the Regional Epizootic Commission is convened in connection with the first case of African swine fever in the village of Kaynardja, Silistra region, which was found yesterday by the Bulgarian Food Safety Authority (BSA). The dead wild pig was discovered right next to the wire fence itself, on the border with Romania, where it was entangled in attempting to pass through the territory of Bulgaria. During the meeting, the measures that will be used to control and eradicate the spread of the disease and the interruption of the possibility of transfer of the infection between the wild and domesticated pigs in the country will be discussed.
Measures to prevent the spread of the disease have been in force since yesterday. BVB started implementing all measures in line with current legislation. Destruction and burial of the wild boar found. Disinfection was done at the burial site. The 20-kilometer infected zone and the 20-kilometer observation area around Kaynardja are defined.
The measures include conducting permanent ASF clinical trials in domestic swine and sampling of all dead or clinical signs of wild and domestic swine in the implementation of the ASF Prevention and Control Program in Bulgaria. Checks for illegal trade and movement of domestic swine will be carried out. The movement of pigs, meat and meat products derived from pigs kept in the area, including those produced for personal consumption, shall be prohibited.