For more than a week there have been reports of poultry die offs in the African nation of Burkina Faso, and that samples had been sent to a reference lab in Italy for analysis. Overnight the media reported that results came back as H5N1, and now we have the official OIE Notification to that effect.
Burkina Faso was one of several west African nations hit by H5N1 during the great H5N1 diaspora of 2006 (others included Niger, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, and Nigeria).
Unlike Nigeria, which has sporadically reported H5N1 outbreaks since then, Burkina Faso has not reported an outbreak since 2006. This year, however, we’ve seen a resurgence of HPAI H5 viruses – including H5N1 – with recent reports coming from Nigeria, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
Here is the OIE notification for four outbreaks in Burkina Faso.
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
- Unknown or inconclusive
- Orders at province level declaring the infection. - Identification of farms in the outbreak area. - Disinfection of premises. - Movement restrictions. - Strengthening epidemiological surveillance. - Sampling for detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.
- Movement control inside the country
- Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
- Modified stamping out
- No vaccination
- No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
- No other measures