Saturday, December 19, 2015

French MOA: Outbreaks Of HPAI H5 Increase To 42 In 6 Departments


The French MOA published late yesterday afternoon an update showing that since Wednesday's update, 12 additional HPAI outbreaks have been recorded, and a new Department (Hautes-Pyrénées) is the sixth to be affected.

These MOA updates are only reporting HPAI events, and as of several days ago we knew of at least seven additional LPAI H5 (N2 and N3) outbreaks (cite). There are likely others by now.

The subtype for most of these new outbreaks are still pending, and they are simply described as HPAI H5.   As mentioned yesterday, scant information regarding the lineage or origin of these newly emerging flu strains has been released other than they are of `European Origin', and both the WHO and DEFRA are awaiting additional details.

Avian Influenza: the current situation in France

What is the current situation in France? (updated 12/18/15 at 20h)

In total, to date, 42 of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry have been detected in six departments of the South West of France:

  • In the Dordogne, 12 HPAI outbreaks in poultry have been detected:
- On November 24, a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in poultry (H5N1) in a backyard 32 hens at Biras;
- On 28 November, a virus outbreak influenza H5 highly pathogenic for poultry (H5N1 and H5N9) in a breeding of 14 000 ducks in Saint Paul La Roche;
- On 30 November, a highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus outbreak (1000 geese) to Dommes;
- On December 4, in Cénac et Saint Julien, a flock of 1000 ducks and chickens 4000 was confirmed as a focus in the national surveillance program. The samples that were positive for H5 highly pathogenic for poultry were performed on ducks. The breeding was located in the restricted area of ​​Domme (surveillance zone).
- A Nantheuil, December 7, 1000 a breeding ducks tested positive for highly pathogenic H5 in the surveillance framework in place for the release of animals from the restricted zone.
- A Bosset, December 7, a flock of 630 ducks was detected as a result of clinical signs.
- A Montignac, a breeding envion 30 ducks, geese and chickens was confirmed H5N1 outbreak on December 8.
- On 14 December at Bosset, an outbreak of H5N1 was detected in a flock of ducks 1070.
- On 14 December, two outbreaks were reported in Campagnac-les-Quercy. The corresponding strains are being determined.
- On December 15, as part of an output for slaughter, a summer home in St. Armand said Coly. The corresponding strain is being determined.
- On December 18, on the occasion of a zone output for slaughter, an outbreak was declared Lardin Saint Lazare in the restricted area of ​​Montignac. The corresponding highly pathogenic H5 strain is being determined.

  • In the Landes, there are 18 homes:
- On December 6, a farm located Josse 500 ducks feeding was dédecté (H5);
- On 6 December in Doazit, following an abnormal mortality guinea (700 dead in 4000 hens), a farm was also confirmed as household (H5N9). Farming also has 8,800 hens, capons 4550 and 7200 keets.
- On 9 December in Horsarieux, the H5N9 strain has been detected in a breeding of guinea 4000, 12,600 chickens, 3,500 ducks and 960 chickens capons.
- On 14 December in Doazit, an outbreak of H5N2 was detected in a flock of ducks 1700.
- December 14, 3 outbreaks were reported in farms on the occasion of a zone output for slaughter, in the communes of Saint Etienne d'Orthe (restricted area Josse) and Bergouey Monsegur (restricted area Doazit ). The corresponding strains are being determined.
- On December 15, six highly pathogenic influenza outbreaks in poultry were reported on the occasion of a zone output for slaughter, in the communes of Momuy, Saint-Cricq-Chalosse, Montaut, Gaujacq, Serreslous-and -Arribans and Hauriet (restricted area Doazit-Horsarrieu). The corresponding strains are being determined.
- December 17 on the occasion of an exit area for slaughter, four outbreaks were reported in the towns of Montaut Saint Sever, Aubagnan and Eyres Moncube. This is highly pathogenic H5 strains, finalizing their determination is ongoing.
- On 18 December, an influenza outbreak H5N2 and highly pathogenic H5N9 has been reported in Saint Cricq Chalosse in a duck farm.

  • In Haute-Vienne, December 9, a single outbreak was confirmed in a poultry farm in Les Billangues. The identified strain is the highly pathogenic H5N1 in poultry.
  • In Gers, 6 outbreaks were detected:
- An H5N2 outbreak was detected in a 10 December 8300 breeding ducks in Manciet.
- A highly pathogenic H5 outbreak in poultry was reported on December 15 in a duck farm in Panjas, during a restricted zone output for slaughter.
- A highly pathogenic H5 strain was identified 15 December 2015 in a breeding of ducks and guinea fowls 2000 in Mirande, following a clinical suspicion. Typing of the strain is being determined.
- The highly pathogenic H5 December 3 17 influenza outbreaks in poultry were reported in ducks farms in the towns of Cazaubon, Eauze and Caupenne Armagnac. These clusters were identified as part of an output of animals for slaughter. The influenza strains for these cases are being determined.

  • In the Pyrénées Atlantiques, there are 4 homes:
- A Arroses an H5N9 outbreak was confirmed on December 11 in a 1500 breeding ducks.
- An outbreak of avian influenza highly pathogenic H5 was found Dec. 15, 2015 in Uzan in 1240 breeding ducks.
- On December 18, two highly pathogenic avian influenza H5 were reported in duck farms in the municipalities of Maucor and Saint Jammes.

  •  In the Hautes-Pyrénées, 1 case of highly pathogenic H5 influenza was detected 18 December 2015 in the town of Labatut-Rivière in a duck farm in the restricted area of Arroses. The strain is being determined.

It is important to note that according to Anses, the identified strains are of European origin strains. There is no Asian strains, and that is not the Asian strain detected in the last few years.