Monday, December 14, 2015

French MOA Announces Two Additional Outbreaks Of Avian Flu



While we still await a more precise characterization of the France's H5N2 and H5N9 avian flu viruses, the French MOA has announced two addtional outbreaks today, 1 (H5N1) in Bosset (Dordogne) and the other (H5N2) in Doazit (Landes). 


This brings to 15 (not including 3 LPAI H5N2 detections) the number of outbreaks reported over the past three weeks in France. 

As we've discussed previously, the newly emerged H5N1 virus in France has been described as coming from a (previously rarely reported) LPAI to HPAI mutation 
(see DEFRA: France’s HPAI H5N1 Another Mutated LPAI Strain), but the origin of the other two newly emerged HPAI strains remains unspecified.    

We are assured by the MOA, however, that none of these strains belong to the Eurasian HPAI H5 lineage - making it unlikely that they pose a serious threat to human health. 


This is the latest status report from the Ministry of Agriculture. 

What is the current situation in France? (updated 11/12/15)

In total, to date, 15 of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry have been detected in five departments of the South West of France:
  • In the Dordogne, 8 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry have been detected:
- November 24 a highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry (H5N1) in a backyard 32 hens at Biras;
- November 28, a virus outbreak influenza H5 highly pathogenic for poultry (H5N1 and H5N9) in a breeding of 14 000 ducks in Saint Paul La Roche;
- 30 November, a highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus outbreak (1000 geese) to Dommes;
- On December 4, in Cénac et Saint Julien, a flock of 1,000 ducks and 4,000 chickens was confirmed as a focus in the national surveillance program. The samples that were positive for H5 highly pathogenic for poultry were performed on ducks. The breeding was located in the area of ​​regulated Domme (surveillance zone).
- A Nantheuil, December 7, 1000 a breeding ducks tested positive for highly pathogenic H5 in the surveillance framework in place for the release of animals from the restricted zone.
- A Bosset, December 7, a flock of 630 ducks was detected as a result of clinical signs.
- A Montignac, a breeding envion 30 ducks, geese and chickens was confirmed H5N1 outbreak on December 8.
- On 14 December at Bosset, an outbreak of H5N1 was detected in a flock of ducks 1070.
  • In the Landes, there are 3 fireplaces:
- On December 6, a farm located Josse 500 ducks feeding was dédecté (H5);
- On 6 December in Doazit, following an abnormal mortality guinea (700 guinea fowl died in 4000), a farm was also confirmed as household (H5N9). Farming also has 8800 hens, capons 4550 and 7200 keets.
- On 9 December in Horsarieux, the H5N9 strain has been detected in a breeding of guinea 4000, 12,600 chickens, 3,500 ducks and 960 chickens capons.
- On 14 December in Doazit, an outbreak of H5N2 was detected in a flock of 1,700 ducks.
  • In Haute-Vienne, December 9, a single outbreak was confirmed in a poultry farm in Les Billangues. The identified strain is the highly pathogenic H5N1 in poultry.
  • In Gers, a H5N2 outbreak was detected in a 10 December 8300 breeding ducks in Manciet.
  • In the Pyrenees Atlantiques, in Arroses an H5N9 outbreak was confirmed on December 11th 1500 in a breeding ducks.
It is important to note that according to Anses, the identified strains are of European origin strains. There is no Asian strains, and that is not the Asian strain detected in the last few years.