Wednesday, December 16, 2015

French MOA Confirms 30 Outbreaks Of HPAI H5



The French Ministry of Agriculture has updated their website to reflect the 10 additional outbreaks recorded yesterday that I blogged about earlier today (see Bureau of Santé Animale: Additional HPAI Outbreaks In France), while also filling in details on 5 outbreaks recorded on the 14th.

All together this brings to 30, the number of HPAI outbreaks reported in France in the past several weeks, and doubles the total from only two days ago. 

While we've seen a mixture of HPAI H5N1, H5N2 & H5N9 (all new strains), the subtypes of these latest 15 outbreaks are only currently listed as HPAI H5.   We should get a more precise description in the next few days.

As we discussed on Saturday (see You Say You Want An Evolution?) we still don't have a good characterization of the H5N2 and H5N9 viruses, other than they are of `European' origin.  Hopefully we'll learn more about their origin, and lineage, in the days to come.

Avian Influenza: the current situation in France

What is the current situation in France? (updated 12/16/15)

In total, to date, 30 of highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in poultry have been detected in five departments of the South West of France:
  • In the Dordogne, 11 HPAI outbreaks in poultry have been detected:
- On November 24, a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in poultry (H5N1) in a backyard 32 hens at Biras;
- On 28 November, a virus outbreak influenza H5 highly pathogenic for poultry (H5N1 and H5N9) in a breeding of 14 000 ducks in Saint Paul La Roche;
- On 30 November, a highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza virus outbreak (1000 geese) to Dommes;
- On December 4, in Cénac et Saint Julien, a flock of 1000 ducks and chickens 4000 was confirmed as a focus in the national surveillance program. The samples that were positive for H5 highly pathogenic for poultry were performed on ducks. The breeding was located in the restricted area of ​​Domme (surveillance zone).
- A Nantheuil, December 7, 1000 a breeding ducks tested positive for highly pathogenic H5 in the surveillance framework in place for the release of animals from the restricted zone.
- A Bosset, December 7, a flock of 630 ducks was detected as a result of clinical signs.
- A Montignac, a breeding envion 30 ducks, geese and chickens was confirmed H5N1 outbreak on December 8.
- On 14 December at Bosset, an outbreak of H5N1 was detected in a flock of ducks 1070.
- On 14 December, two outbreaks were reported in Campagnac-les-Quercy. The corresponding strains are being determined.
- On December 15, as part of an output for slaughter, a summer home in St. Armand said Coly. The corresponding strain is being determined.
  • In the Landes, there are 3 fireplaces:
- On December 6, a farm located Josse 500 ducks feeding was dédecté (H5);
- On 6 December in Doazit, following an abnormal mortality guinea (700 dead in 4000 hens), a farm was also confirmed as household (H5N9). Farming also has 8,800 hens, capons 4550 and 7200 keets.
- On 9 December in Horsarieux, the H5N9 strain has been detected in a breeding of guinea 4000, 12,600 chickens, 3,500 ducks and 960 chickens capons.
- On 14 December in Doazit, an outbreak of H5N2 was detected in a flock of ducks 1700.
- December 14, 3 outbreaks were reported in farms on the occasion of a zone output for slaughter, in the communes of Saint Etienne d'Orthe (restricted area Josse) and Bergouey Monsegur (restricted area Doazit ). The corresponding strains are being determined.
- On December 15, six highly pathogenic influenza outbreaks in poultry were reported on the occasion of a zone output for slaughter, in the communes of Momuy, Saint-Cricq-Chalosse, Montaut, Gaujacq, Serreslous-and -Arribans and Hauriet (restricted area Doazit-Horsarrieu). The corresponding strains are being determined.
  • In Haute-Vienne, December 9, a single outbreak was confirmed in a poultry farm in Les Billangues. The identified strain is the highly pathogenic H5N1 in poultry.
  • In Gers, 3 outbreaks were detected:
- An H5N2 outbreak was detected in a 10 December 8300 breeding ducks in Manciet.
- A highly pathogenic H5 outbreak in poultry was reported on December 15 in a duck farm in Panjas, during a restricted zone output for slaughter.
- A highly pathogenic H5 strain was identified 15 December 2015 in a breeding of ducks and guinea fowls 2000 in Mirande, following a clinical suspicion. Typing of the strain is being determined.
  • In the Pyrénées Atlantiques, there are two foci:
- A Arroses an H5N9 outbreak was confirmed on December 11 in a 1500 breeding ducks.
- An outbreak was declared on December 15, 2015 Uzan in 1240 breeding ducks.