Tuesday, October 23, 2018

China MOA: ASF Reaches Hunan Province (Yiyang City & Changde City)

Credit Wikipedia



After three months of only plaguing northeastern provinces, for the second time in two days a southern province of China has reported their first outbreaks of African Swine Fever (see yesterday's African Swine Fever Reaches Southern China (Yunnan Province)).
Today the MOA informs us of outbreaks in two prefecture level cities (Yiyang & Changde) - which sit roughly 80 km apart - in northern Hunan Province. 
Sichuan, Henan, Hunan, Shandong, and Hubei are the top five pork producing regions in China, accounting for 45% of total pork production in 2015 (cite).  Out of these top 5, Henan has already seen ASF, making this recent jump to southern China's major pig producing region all the more important. 

USDA Map Released Before Shanxi, Yunnan & Hunan ASF Reports
This from China's MOA.

Yiyang City, Hunan Province and Changde City, the detection of African swine fever

Date: 2018-10-23 08:35 Author: Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Press Office
The Information Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs was released on October 23, and Yiyang City and Changde City of Hunan Province detected the swine fever of pigs in Africa.

At 14:00 on October 22, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs received a report from the China Center for Animal Disease Control and Prevention. The samples from the Hunan Provincial Center for Animal Disease Control and Prevention were diagnosed as African by the China Center for Animal Health and Epidemiology (National Center for Animal Disease Research). Swine fever.

The positive samples were from two farms in Taojiang County, Yiyang City, Hunan Province and Taoyuan County, Changde City. The farms in Taojiang County have 546 pigs, 44 diseases and 17 deaths. The farms in Taoyuan County have 268 pigs. There were 208 cases and 31 deaths.

Immediately after the outbreak, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs sent a steering group to the local area. The local government has started the emergency response mechanism as required, and adopted measures such as blockade, culling, harmless treatment, disinfection, etc., to treat all the sick and culled pigs harmlessly. At the same time, all pigs and their products are prohibited from being transferred out of the blockade, and pigs are prohibited from being transported into the blockade. At present, the above epidemic has been effectively disposed of.

Although many regions of China have yet to report ASF, this scattershot pattern of outbreaks across the eastern half of China raises real questions about how the disease is being spread, how widespread the virus really is, and just how well surveillance and reporting are picking up outbreaks.