Thursday, October 10, 2019

Indonesia: Media Reports Of Unexplained Pig Deaths In Multiple Regions


Yesterday afternoon Sharon Sanders at FluTrackers picked up a media report of - as yet - unexplained pig deaths in North Sulawesi, Indonesia (see map above).  As African Swine Fever (ASF) recently hop-scotched over Indonesia, landing in Timor-Leste last month, unusual pig deaths must be taken seriously.  
There are, of course, a great many other pig diseases that could be to blame, including including FMD, PED, PRRS, and Classical Swine Fever - along with a variety of environmental factors, such as excessive heat or contaminated feed.
But a quick search in the Indonesian language (Bahasa) for `Babi Mati' - aka `pig deaths' - turns up a number of media reports from across 2000 km of the archipelago nation.

First the FluTracker's report:
Indonesia - Media report: Officials say unknown virus has killed 100 pigs in Minahasa regency in last 3 months - October 8, 2019
Yesterday, 12:45 PM
Unknown Virus Plague, 100 Pigs in Minahasa Have Been Dead in the Last Three Months

Tuesday, October 8, 2019 16:37
TRIBUNMANADO.CO.ID - Based on data from the Minahasa Agriculture and Plantation Office, approximately 100 pigs in Minahasa Regency have died within the last three months.

According to the Minahasa District Agriculture and Livestock Service Office, the virus does not recognize attacking pigs.

Yeittij Fonnie Roring, Head of the Agriculture and Livestock Service Office of Minahasa Regency, Fonnie Roring, explained that several regions had the most cases.

Such as West Kakashi, Sonder, East Tombariri, West and North Provinces.

"In anticipation of this we have taken precautions by providing vaccinations," he said.

"The only way is to do prevention through vaccination which is done routinely and of course in that way can overcome pig cholera," he said on Tuesday (8/10/2019).

Next from Antara News, a confusing report from North Sumatra that attributes the pig deaths to both a`suspected toga virus' and `hog cholera', which are two different diseases.

Pigs died suddenly in North Tapanuli 
Wednesday, October 9, 2019 17:43 pm

Taput (ANTARA)-Dozens of pigs in a number of villages in Siatas Barita sub-district, North Tapanuli Regency, North Sumatera, unexpectedly died that was suspected of a toga virus that resulted in a "hogcholera " disease.

Related to this, the head of the Livestock service Department of North Tapanuli, Ronny Hutasoit, Wednesday, urged the citizens to not import swine cattle from infected areas of livestock disease.

This was done as one of the preventive measures of virus spreading that were indicated as the cause of the death of tens of cattle in a number of villages in Siatas Barita Sub-district.
(Continue . . . )

 A third report suggests the culprit is Classical Swine Fever.
44 dead pigs in Taput suddenly attacked by viruses

Thousands of pigs in Siatas Barita subdistrict and Tarutung subdistrict, North Tapanuli district, North Sumatra are attacked by the Kholera hog outbreak.

Tarutung - Thousands of pig breeders are threatened by the loss of a virus suspected of the type of hog kholera that has been identified in a number of villages in Siatas Barita subdistrict and Tarutung sub-district, North Tapanuli District, North Sumatera.

A cholera hog outbreak or known as classical swine fever (CSF) or pig pestilence, the first entry to the Indonesian region around 1995 through North Sumatera. It was a huge farmer's loss.

Currently found 41 cases of deadly pigs in the village of Enda Portibi, village Simorangkir directly Habinsaran, village Simorangkir directly Julu, village Siraja Hutagalung, and village Lumban Siagian Julu, subdistrict Siatas Barita.

"We have a look at the features of our livestock before dying and looked cold also do not taste the appetite, we farmers have been losing the result of this plague" "said rancher Simorangkir directly to Tagar in Desa Simorangkir directly Julu, Tuesday 8 October 2019.

       (Continue . . . )

So far, I haven't found any official test results.  While Classical Swine Fever is the most likely cause, with ASF knocking on the door of most of South East Asia, no one should be too surprised to see another country affected.

Stay tuned.