Tuesday, April 05, 2016

Vietnam's CDC: Two Locally Acquired Cases Of Zika Virus Infection


Two weeks ago, after an Australian tourist returned home from Vietnam and was diagnosed with Zika, Vietnam Raised Their Zika Alert and began proactively looking for local transmission of the virus.

Between having similar symptoms to both Dengue and Chikungunya, and - until recently - a dearth of accurate testing options, the presence of Zika in Southeast Asia has been long assumed, but actual data has been scant.

Supporting this view, we saw a report a month ago from the Philippine DOH: American Contracts Zika Virus While Visiting The Philippines, while last February, in Thailand Reports `1st' Domestic Case Of Zika, we looked at a local case there, along with a smattering of exported cases from Thailand over the past four years.

So it is not terribly surprising that once they started actively looking for Zika cases in Vietnam . . . it didn't take all that long to find some.

This (translated) news release from the Vietnamese CDC.



Last time in 2015 to date, disease caused by Zika virus complications in 61 countries, territories on a global scale. The who was announced the condition of disease caused by Zika virus currently is the event of public health emergencies of international concern caused due to the concerns about the relationship between virus infection and cases of Zika has small head in babies and rheumatoid syndromes nerve roots. Today the World Health Organization has not recommended to apply any measures to restrict travel and trade with the countries that are there.
Before the disease situation due to Zika virus in the world, to actively prevent disease caused by Zika virus invade and spread in our country, the Health Ministry has actively implemented prevention measures even when not yet detected cases of Zika virus with positive in Vietnam The Ministry of health has also proactively raised the level of alert in response to the situation room as there are cases of the disease, which strengthen the disease surveillance by the Zika virus in the community in order to detect early cases of the disease, timely processing. Results to date 4/4/2016 the Pasteur Institute of hygiene and epidemiology, has tested the model 1215 swabs from the case expression similar to Zika virus infection in 32 provinces and cities across the country; which has detected two cases of Zika virus with positive in Khanh Hoa province and Ho Chi Minh City, specifically as follows:
1. first case: female patients, aged 64, Phuoc Hoa Ward residence in Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa province; onset date 26/03/2016 with symptoms of mild fever, headache, rash, eye pain and red legs. Patient self-medication fever at home but not make, to 28/3/2016 patient home to visit a tropical hospital in Khanh Hoa. Results of tests on 31/3/2016 at the Pasteur Institute in Nha Trang with Zika virus; tests confirmed again at the Central Institute of hygiene and epidemiology and the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City on 04/4/3016 are for positive test results with the Zika virus;
2. The second case: female patients, age 33, resident Thanh my Loi Ward, District 2, Ho Chi Minh City, on 29/3/2016 with symptoms of rash, conjunctivitis, tired and to visit two County Hospital on the same day due to rubella disease fears; admission, examination results 31/3 and 1/4/2016 at the Pasteur Institute in Ho Chi Minh City with Zika virus; then the results of tests at the Central Institute of hygiene and epidemiology on 02/4/2016 and Nagasaki University at the Institute on 04/4/2016 also gave positive results with the Zika virus.
Results of surveillance of cases and the surrounding households not yet discovered any other case the Zika virus infection; so, here are the two cases of Zika virus infection was first noted in the community in our country, the health of both the stable patients.
Before the disease situation due to Zika virus was recorded in our country, the Health Ministry had sent the text of the Department of health in the province of Khanh Hoa and Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City people's Committee Chief announced the room according to the scale of communes, wards under decision 02/2016/QD TTg dated 28/01/2016 of the prime conditions regulations announced room announced the end of infectious disease; directing the local raising alert levels, meet up level 2 for situations that have had cases of the disease; the Nha Trang Pasteur Institute, Ho Chi Minh City Pasteur Institute in collaboration with the local investigation expanded in the area of the outbreak and implement measures to handle the outbreak.
The Health Ministry confirmed in next time can keep record of cases infected by virus Zika do currently have the exchanges between the countries as well as between local in the country at the same time Vietnam has a circulation of midges is vector-transmitted diseases and not have the immunity in the community. Due to the characteristics of the disease usually takes place in the level of the medium, mild, many cases do not have symptoms and self expression from should not influence health; However, due to the underlying relationships between the Zika virus infection in pregnant women and small head syndrome in infants should concern the prevention and monitoring of health for pregnant women, people who plan to get pregnant and pregnant women infected with the virus Zika.

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